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Указатель категорий Английский язык Контрольная работа № 5 по английскому языку. Вариант № 2.

Контрольная работа № 5 по английскому языку. Вариант № 2.

ВУЗ: БГУИР
Тип работы: Контрольная работа
Предмет: Английский язык
Количество страниц: 10
Язык документа: Русско-английский
Год сдачи: 2009
Cкачиваний: 1
Последнее скачивание: 2010-12-21

Содержание.

 

Задание I. Перепишите предложения, подчеркнув придаточные предложения. Укажите тип придаточного предложения и переведите их на русский язык.
Задание II. Перепишите предложения, переведите их на русский язык и определите функции should, would в предложениях.
Задание III. Перепишите предложения, обращая внимание на различные значения выделенных слов. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Работа над текстом
I. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание. Выполните задания после текста.
II. Укажите какие из данных утверждений соответствуют содержанию текста.
III. Выберите правильные ответы на вопросы.
IV. Прочитайте предложения. Выберите правильный вариант перевода.
V. Переведите письменно абзацы 2 – 4 текста.
 

Описание.

Контрольная работа № 5 по английскому языку. Вариант № 2.

Задание Задание № 1.

Перепишите предложения, подчеркнув придаточные предложения. Укажите тип придаточного предложения и переведите их на русский язык.
Example: For a long time Bell couldn’t get the results that he was looking for. Белл
1. A classic example of applying abstract scientific principles to create a new field of technology was provided by three physicists who invented the transistor in 1948.
2. He explained that first of all, we should press the button.
3. It is said that optical technology is most effective and versatile.
4. Groucho Mars once asked a club to accept his resignation because he didn’t want to belong to any club that would accept him as a member.
5. In 1906 the American inventor Lee De Forest transformed the diode into a device that he called an audion, modern name of which is triode
6. The later development of the integrated circuit set into motion the continuing miniaturization of all electronic devices, which has at the same time increased their speed and computing power.
7. I wonder whose code is still used in some modern teletype machines.
8. They orbit the earth at a speed that allows them to stay above the same place on the earth at all time.

Задание № 2.

Перепишите предложения, переведите их на русский язык и определите функции should, would в предложениях.
Example: We should introduce this method if it were efficient
1. A magnet would attract pieces of iron.
2. We knew that we should finish our work in time.
3. If I knew enough about the machine I should mend it myself.
4. Alice thinks that we should avoid driving through the centre of town.
5. It is inappropriate that they should be given the award again.
6. He should have driven more carefully.
7. If the student had been more careful during the experiment, he wouldn’t have broken the instrument
8. The manual says that the computer should be disconnected from the mains before the cover is removed.
9. I think the government should do more to help homeless people.
10. Scientists said that many of devices would evolve into more versatile equipment.
11. Mary wouldn’t sing for me, even though I often asked her to.
12. I wish you would write down these data.

Задание № 3.

 

Перепишите предложения, обращая внимание на различные значения выделенных слов. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Example: As a married man he has to think of the future
We had to work all the way as (because) we had no money for fares
Wireless network use either infrared or radio frequency transmissions to link these mobile computers to networks.
Because of their small size transistors make it possible to produce devices which can not be made with vacuum tubes
In 1921 Einstein got his Nobel Prize not for the theory of relativity but for a logic explanation of photoelectric effect.
At present plastics as well as metals are widely used in various branches of industry.
Since the moon is the nearest body to the Earth, we know more about it than we know about any other planet.
Both silicon and germanium are semiconductors.
Neither of the possible ways is simple.

Работа над текстом

I. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание. Выполните задания после текста.
Hard Disk

1. A hard disk drive (HDD, also formerly known as a fixed disk drive) is a device which stores data on rapidly rotating disks with magnetic surfaces.
Hard drives record information by magnetizing a magnetic material in a pattern that represents the data. They read the data back by detecting the magnetization of the material. A typical hard disk drive design consists of a spindle which holds one or more flat circular disks called platters, onto which the data is recorded. The platters are made from a non-magnetic material, usually glass or aluminum, and are coated with a thin layer of magnetic material. Older drives used iron (III) oxide as the magnetic material, but current drives use a cobalt-based alloy.
2. The platters are spun at very high speeds. Information is written to a platter as it rotates past mechanisms called read-and-write heads that fly very close over the magnetic surface. The read-and-write head is used to detect and modify the magnetization of the material immediately under it. There is one head for each magnetic platter surface on the spindle, mounted on a common arm. An actuator arm moves the heads on an arc across the platters as they spin, allowing each head to access almost the entire surface of the platter as it spins.
3. The magnetic surface of each platter is divided into many small sub-micrometer-sized magnetic regions, each of which is used to encode a single binary unit of information. In today's hard drives each of these magnetic regions is composed of a few hundred magnetic grains. Each magnetic region forms a magnetic dipole which generates a highly localized magnetic field nearby. The write head magnetizes a magnetic region by generating a strong local magnetic field nearby. Early hard drives used the same inductor that was used to read the data as an electromagnet to create this field. Today, thin film heads are most common. With these later technologies, the read and write head are separate mechanisms, but are on the same actuator arm.
4. Hard drives have a mostly sealed enclosure that protects the drive internals from dust, condensation, and other sources of contamination. The hard disk's read-write heads fly on an air bearing which is a cushion of air only nanometers above the disk surface. The disk surface and the drive's internal environment must therefore be kept immaculate to prevent damage from fingerprints, hair, dust, smoke particles and such, given the sub-microscopic gap between the heads and disk.
5. Using rigid platters and sealing the unit allows much tighter tolerances than in a floppy disk. Consequently, hard disks can store much more data than floppy disks and access and transmit it faster. In 2006, a typical workstation hard disk might store between 80 GB and 1Tb of data, rotate at 7,200 to 10,000 revolutions per minute (RPM), and have a sequential media transfer rate of over 50 MB/s. The fastest workstation and server hard drives spin at 15,000 RPM, and can achieve sequential media transfer speeds up to and beyond 80 MB/s.
II. Укажите какие из данных утверждений соответствуют содержанию текста.
III. Выберите правильные ответы на вопросы.
IV. Прочитайте предложения. Выберите правильный вариант перевода.
Read-and-write heads fly very close over the magnetic surface
The read-and-write head is used to detect and modify the magnetization of the material immediately under it.
Hard disks can store much more data than floppy disks and access and transmit it faster.
V. Переведите письменно абзацы 2 – 4 текста.

Выдержка из работы.

2. He explained that first of all, we should press the button. (придаточное дополнительное)
Он объяснил, что прежде всего нам нужно нажать на кнопку
3. It is said that optical technology is most effective and versatile. (придаточное дополнительное)
Говорят, что оптическая технология более эффективна и универсальна
4. Groucho Mars once asked a club to accept his resignation because he didn’t want to belong to any club that would accept him as a member. (придаточное определительное)
Г. Марс однажды попросил клуб принять его отставку, поскольку он не хотел входить ни в какой клуб, где бы его считали своим членом.
5. In 1906 the American inventor Lee De Forest transformed the diode into a device that he called an audion, modern name of which is triode. (придаточное определительное)
В 1906 г. американский изобретатель Ли де Форест трансформировал диод в устройство, которое он назвал аудионом, современное название которого триод.
6. The later development of the integrated circuit set into motion the continuing miniaturization of all electronic devices, which has at the same time increased their speed and computing power. (придаточное определительное)
Усовершенствование интегральной микросхемы привело к продолжающейся миниатюризации всех электронных устройств, которая в тоже время позволила увеличить их скорость и вычислительную мощность.
7. I wonder whose code is still used in some modern teletype machines. (придаточное дополнительное)
Интересно, чей код до сих пор используется в некоторых современных телетайп устройствах.
8. They orbit the earth at a speed that allows them to stay above the same place on the earth at all time. (придаточное определительное)
Они вращают землю со скоростью, позволяющей им оставаться все время над одним и тем же местом на земле.

Задание II. Перепишите предложения, переведите их на русский язык и определите функции should, would в предложениях.
Example: We should introduce this method if it were efficient (вспомогательный глагол при образовании сослагательного наклонения) – Мы бы ввели этот метод, если бы он был эффективным.
A magnet would attract pieces of iron. (модальный глагол) – Магнит обычно притягивает куски железа.
1. We knew that we should finish our work in time. – (вспомогательный глагол при образовании формы Future in the Past) – Мы знали, что нам следует закончить работу вовремя.

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